2012 Edition

sector 51



The Information sector comprises establishments engaged in the following processes: (a) producing and distributing information and cultural products, (b) providing the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications, and (c) processing data.

The main components of this sector are the publishing industries, including software publishing, and both traditional publishing and publishing exclusively on the Internet; the motion picture and sound recording industries; the broadcasting industries, including traditional broadcasting and those broadcasting exclusively over the Internet; the telecommunications industries; Web search portals, data processing industries, and the information services industries.

The expressions ''information age'' and ''global information economy'' are used with considerable frequency today. The general idea of an ''information economy'' includes both the notion of industries primarily producing, processing, and distributing information, as well as the idea that every industry is using available information and information technology to reorganize and make themselves more productive.

For the purposes of NAICS, it is the transformation of information into a commodity that is produced and distributed by a number of growing industries that is at issue. The Information sector groups three types of establishments: (1) those engaged in producing and distributing information and cultural products; (2) those that provide the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications; and (3) those that process data. Cultural products are those that directly express attitudes, opinions, ideas, values, and artistic creativity; provide entertainment; or offer information and analysis concerning the past and present. Included in this definition are popular, mass-produced products as well as cultural products that normally have a more limited audience, such as poetry books, literary magazines, or classical records.

The unique characteristics of information and cultural products, and of the processes involved in their production and distribution, distinguish the Information sector from the goods-producing and service-producing sectors. Some of these characteristics are:

Unlike traditional goods, an ''information or cultural product,'' such as a newspaper on-line or television program, does not necessarily have tangible qualities, nor is it necessarily associated with a particular form. A movie can be shown at a movie theater, on a television broadcast, through video-on-demand or rented at a local video store. A sound recording can be aired on radio, embedded in multimedia products, or sold at a record store.

Unlike traditional services, the delivery of these products does not require direct contact between the supplier and the consumer.

The value of these products to the consumer lies in their informational, educational, cultural, or entertainment content, not in the format in which they are distributed. Most of these products are protected from unlawful reproduction by copyright laws.

The intangible property aspect of information and cultural products makes the processes involved in their production and distribution very different from goods and services. Only those possessing the rights to these works are authorized to reproduce, alter, improve, and distribute them. Acquiring and using these rights often involves significant costs. In addition, technology is revolutionizing the distribution of these products. It is possible to distribute them in a physical form, via broadcast, or on-line.

Distributors of information and cultural products can easily add value to the products they distribute. For instance, broadcasters add advertising not contained in the original product. This capacity means that unlike traditional distributors, they derive revenue not from sale of the distributed product to the final consumer, but from those who pay for the privilege of adding information to the original product. Similarly, a directory and mailing list publisher can acquire the rights to thousands of previously published newspaper and periodical articles and add new value by providing search and software and organizing the information in a way that facilitates research and retrieval. These products often command a much higher price than the original information.

The distribution modes for information commodities may either eliminate the necessity for traditional manufacture, or reverse the conventional order of manufacture-distribute: A newspaper distributed on-line, for example, can be printed locally or by the final consumer. Similarly, it is anticipated that packaged software, which today is mainly bought through the traditional retail channels, will soon be available mainly on-line. The NAICS Information sector is designed to make such economic changes transparent as they occur, or to facilitate designing surveys that will monitor the new phenomena and provide data to analyze the changes.

Many of the industries in the NAICS Information sector are engaged in producing products protected by copyright law, or in distributing them (other than distribution by traditional wholesale and retail methods). Examples are traditional publishing industries, software and directory and mailing list publishing industries, and film and sound industries. Broadcasting and telecommunications industries and information providers and processors are also included in the Information sector, because their technologies are so closely linked to other industries in the Information sector.


  1. 511 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)
    1. 5111 - Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers
      1. 51111 - Newspaper Publishers
        1. 511110 - Newspaper Publishers
      2. 51112 - Periodical Publishers
        1. 511120 - Periodical Publishers
      3. 51113 - Book Publishers
        1. 511130 - Book Publishers
      4. 51114 - Directory and Mailing List Publishers
        1. 511140 - Directory and Mailing List Publishers
      5. 51119 - Other Publishers
        1. 511191 - Greeting Card Publishers
        2. 511199 - All Other Publishers
    2. 5112 - Software Publishers
      1. 51121 - Software Publishers
        1. 511210 - Software Publishers
  2. 512 - Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries
    1. 5121 - Motion Picture and Video Industries
      1. 51211 - Motion Picture and Video Production
        1. 512110 - Motion Picture and Video Production
      2. 51212 - Motion Picture and Video Distribution
        1. 512120 - Motion Picture and Video Distribution
      3. 51213 - Motion Picture and Video Exhibition
        1. 512131 - Motion Picture Theaters (except Drive-Ins)
        2. 512132 - Drive-In Motion Picture Theaters
      4. 51219 - Postproduction Services and Other Motion Picture and Video Industries
        1. 512191 - Teleproduction and Other Postproduction Services
        2. 512199 - Other Motion Picture and Video Industries
    2. 5122 - Sound Recording Industries
      1. 51221 - Record Production
        1. 512210 - Record Production
      2. 51222 - Integrated Record Production/Distribution
        1. 512220 - Integrated Record Production/Distribution
      3. 51223 - Music Publishers
        1. 512230 - Music Publishers
      4. 51224 - Sound Recording Studios
        1. 512240 - Sound Recording Studios
      5. 51229 - Other Sound Recording Industries
        1. 512290 - Other Sound Recording Industries
  3. 515 - Broadcasting (except Internet)
    1. 5151 - Radio and Television Broadcasting
      1. 51511 - Radio Broadcasting
        1. 515111 - Radio Networks
        2. 515112 - Radio Stations
      2. 51512 - Television Broadcasting
        1. 515120 - Television Broadcasting
    2. 5152 - Cable and Other Subscription Programming
      1. 51521 - Cable and Other Subscription Programming
        1. 515210 - Cable and Other Subscription Programming
  4. 517 - Telecommunications
    1. 5171 - Wired Telecommunications Carriers
      1. 51711 - Wired Telecommunications Carriers
        1. 517110 - Wired Telecommunications Carriers
    2. 5172 - Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite)
      1. 51721 - Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite)
        1. 517210 - Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite)
    3. 5174 - Satellite Telecommunications
      1. 51741 - Satellite Telecommunications
        1. 517410 - Satellite Telecommunications
    4. 5179 - Other Telecommunications
      1. 51791 - Other Telecommunications
        1. 517911 - Telecommunications Resellers
        2. 517919 - All Other Telecommunications
  5. 518 - Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
    1. 5182 - Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
      1. 51821 - Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
        1. 518210 - Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
  6. 519 - Other Information Services
    1. 5191 - Other Information Services
      1. 51911 - News Syndicates
        1. 519110 - News Syndicates
      2. 51912 - Libraries and Archives
        1. 519120 - Libraries and Archives
      3. 51913 - Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals
        1. 519130 - Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals
      4. 51919 - All Other Information Services
        1. 519190 - All Other Information Services


The NAICS editions in which this code was present are indicated below. In the event that a code was changed from the prior edition the equivalent value in that edition is provided for reference.

Edition Value
2002 51 -
2007 51 -
2012 51 -
2017 51 -

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